The Representation of Nationalism Values in Indonesian Films in the Early Stages of Independence, New Order and Reform Era

Euis Komalawati

Abstract


The aim of this research is to elaborate the representation of nationalism values in Indonesian films during the beginning of independence, New Order and Reformation Era. Additionally, it also aims at finding the elements that constitute nationalism and revealing the typology of nationalism in Indonesian films. This research uses constructivism as a paradigm and is a qualitative descriptive study. The semiotic of Roland Barthes is used as a data analysis. Data collection methods include documentation of film texts, documentation of regulations and articles on films, and also literature review. This research concludes that representation of nationalism values and type of nationalism shift dynamically, and this is very much related to social, economic and political conditions in a nation-state. The results of the research show that the typology of nationalism represented in Indonesian films is descent nationalism during the beginning of independence era, state nationalism during New Order Era, and civics nationalism during Reformation Era.

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